The eléagnus (elaeagnus) is an ornamental shrub of the elaeagnaceae family. Composed of at least 45 known varieties, eléagnus is often planted as a hedge to serve as a natural fence, but also as a windbreaker given the density of the branches and leaves that compose it. Its interest is also aesthetic, because the diversity of the color of its foliage and the brilliance of these brings new light to a somewhat monochrome hedge. Its high frost resistance adds to its qualities.
Plant the eleanagnus
It is a shrub that likes everywhere as long as it frequently or constantly crosses the sunlight. It is so easy to live that it can be planted throughout the year, avoiding the periods anyway. frost in winter and hot summer. If you want to get a nice hedge of eleagnus, it is necessary to leave between 1m and 1.50m between two plants to give them the freedom to flourish in width and without constraint. The only imperative thing is to install it in a well-drained soil, because its roots do not tolerate stagnating in a soil full of water under penalty of seeing them rot quickly.
It is an easy-care shrub. Apart from proper watering after planting until successful implantation and a little fertilizer in the spring, the eleagnus requires no other attention.
The growth of eléagnus can be anarchic if one does not take care to prune it. In order to keep a very compact shrub or a well-formed hedge, cutting the young stems that escape from the imposed unit to 2/3 their length is obligatory, otherwise the eleagnus will only do as it pleases. head!
Eleagnus flowers and fruits
In summer, eléagnus is adorned with cream-colored, fragrant and honey-colored flowers. Certain varieties like eleaeagnus angustifolia then see the flowers transform into red fruits which are eaten as jam. It should absolutely be noted that only certain varieties offer edible fruits, others are toxic so before consuming, it is better to check with professionals.
Even though it is a very hardy shrub, it may still have chlorosis. Its leaves turn yellow and fall off. Several factors can be responsible for this including the psyllid, an insect that sucks the sap and can completely destroy the eleanagnus.