The characteristics of the calamondin
- Type: fruit shrub
- Height: 80 cm to 1 m, 1 to 2 m, 2 to 5 m
- Flower color: white
- Desired exposure: sunny
- Type of soil: well drained
- Foliage: persistent
- Interview: easy to maintain
- Location: office, living room, dining room, living room
- sanitizer: Yes
- diseases: cochineal, aphids
- variety: Green Calamondin, Calamondin citrus mitis "Variegata"
Origins and peculiarities of the calamondin
The calamansi or orange tree is a shrub that adapts perfectly to our heated interiors. Native to Asia, Citrus madurensis belongs to the rutaceae family, and it undoubtedly comes from a natural hybridization between the kumquat (from where it gets its sweet skin and the acidity of its flesh) and the mandarin tree ( which it took its pretty color).
Visually, the calamondin is characterized by a shiny dark green foliage, a fragrant flowering of magnificent white flowers in spring, and of course its small edible orange-colored round fruits which appear from November to March.
Although it gives edible fruits, the calamondin is especially appreciated for its decorative aspect, and therefore falls rather in the category of ornamental plants.
Culinary uses of calamondin
The calamondin fruit is often good to harvest at the beginning of the year, between January and March. When in doubt, look and smell the fruit: if it has a nice orange color and a good citrus scent, it means they are ready to be picked! Once harvested, be careful: do not put the fruits in the refrigerator, because the cold damages them, and be sure to consume them within 15-20 days after harvest, because they do not keep very long.
The calamondin fruit is particularly bitter and acidic. It can however be used in the preparation of marmalades or jams. It can also be used to flavor certain vinegars.
Maintenance and watering of the calamondin
Regular watering will allow the calamondin to flourish gently but be careful: if the soil must always remain moist, an excess of water and humidity can harm the plant.
It is also recommended to mist its leaves with non-calcareous water to avoid drying out in overheated interiors. In addition, a special citrus fertilizer will help this plant to stay healthy and will guarantee quality fruit production.
It is also possible to prune the branches so as to obtain a nice rounded and regular shape; the recommended period for pruning is between March and April (once the fruits have been harvested, but before the new flowering).
Calamondin is not particularly susceptible to disease. It can however attract mealybugs: remember to regularly look under the leaves of your plant that they are free from cottony down.
If these parasites are present, ecological treatment is essential.